For the first time in a dozen years, the House of Representatives passed a significant education bill on Friday, rewriting No Child Left Behind, President George W. Bush’s signature law governing how federal funds are spent in public schools.
But the measure, which would move oversight from the federal government to the states, faces significant challenges. Senate Democrats have proposed a very different version, and the Obama administration says it will veto the House bill if it moves forward.
Largely following party lines, the House approved the bill, called the Student Success Act and sponsored by Representative John Kline, Republican of Minnesota, by a vote of 221 to 207, with 12 Republicans voting against. No Democrats voted for the bill.
The bill rolls back many of the accountability measures that formed the centerpiece of No Child, which passed with bipartisan support in 2001 and was signed into law a year later. Under that law, schools had to…